Anthropology: what is pastoralism?

Tutoring social sciences, definitions are important. The tutor defines pastoralism.

pastoralism:

a way of life centred on maintaining a herd of animals to consume for protein.

Source:

Haviland, William A. Human Evolution and Prehistory, 3rd ed. Toronto: Harcourt Brace Publishers, 1994.

Jack of Oracle Tutoring by Jack and Diane, Campbell River, BC.

Anthropology: organic solidarity

Tutoring anthropology, the cohesion of a society is an important concept. The tutor defines organic solidarity.

organic solidarity:

cohesion achieved in a complex society wherein work is specialized to the extent that one worker cannot perform the duties of someone in a different job. For instance, an electrician cannot be replaced by a teacher.

In a society with organic solidarity, the typical worker cannot meet their survival needs without trading. Since the workers of different professions all need each other to survive, cohesion is achieved.

Source:

www.everydaysociologyblog.com

Jack of Oracle Tutoring by Jack and Diane, Campbell River, BC.

Anthropology: mechanical solidarity

Tutoring social sciences, definitions are important. The tutor begins about mechanical solidarity.

mechanical solidarity:
Similarity among people such that everyone understands each other’s jobs. Furthermore, the society’s technology is commonly understood – and even reproducible – by its members.

A society with mechanical solidarity is unified by the shared reality of all its members. Hunter-gatherer societies, as well as stone-age farming ones before large-scale irrigation, had mechanical solidarity.

Source:

sociologyindex.com

Haviland, William A. Human Evolution and Prehistory. Toronto: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1994.

Jack of Oracle Tutoring by Jack and Diane, Campbell River, BC.