Radioactive dating: half life, continued
The tutor continues about the phenomenon of half life and one of its well-known applications.
In my post from yesterday I introduced the topic of carbon dating and the principles that make it feasible. Today I’ll give a few more technical details to facilitate its mathematical use.
Example: A sample taken from a mammoth bone is found to contain 17% of the radioactivity of a freshly dead bone. Estimate the time of the mammoth’s death.
First, convert the percent to a decimal: 17%=0.17
The general formula for time since death, t, is
We plug our decimal remaining, 0.17, into the formula:
By the reckoning of the carbon dating process, the mammoth died 14648 years ago.
Incidentally, the radioactive form of carbon is carbon-14, whereas the (predominant) stable form is carbon-12:)
Jack of Oracle Tutoring by Jack and Diane, Campbell River, BC.